I think the articles selected in the previous segments were a pretty accurate representation of the populations studied by the FMS for injury prevention. If you missed the previous articles, I’d recommend going back and reading them before moving onto this segment:
Now that we can identify at risk populations the next question becomes, can we utilize a specific corrective exercise routine to improve FMS scores? Here’s the research:
FUNCTIONAL MOVEMENT TEST SCORES IMPROVE FOLLOWING A STANDARDIZED OFF-SEASON INTERVENTION PROGRAM IN PROFESSIONAL FOOTBALL PLAYERS (7)
USING THE FUNCTIONAL MOVEMENT SCREEN TO EVALUATE THE EFFECTIVENESS OF TRAINING (5)
Does a training program improve FMS scores above a control group?
And now maybe the most important question…
Does an improvement in FMS score correlate with decreased injury risk?
In other words, we know low FMS scores put you more at risk for injury. We also know that we can improve FMS scores. However, does an improvement in FMS score create a decreased risk of injury? Or does an improvement in FMS score solely represent an improvement in the ability to perform the FMS test and get a higher score?
Currently there is no evidence showing that improving performance on the FMS correlates to decreased injury risk. We don’t know if these corrective exercise programs are actually going to do what they are proposed to do. Hopefully we see some research in this area soon. In my mind this is the most important variable to study. Does an intervention aimed at improving FMS scores actually decrease injury risk? or are we just spinning our wheels by trying to apply these injury prevention programs?
That’s it for now. In the next part we’ll summarize the key points. I also want to apply a bit of brainstorming and figure out how the FMS fits and doesn’t fit into our coaching and clinical practice.
I’ve been doing bird dogs the entire time I was writing this article,
P.S. If you enjoyed this article then sign up for the newsletter to receive the FREE guide – 10 Idiot Proof Principles to Crossfit Performance and Injury Prevention as well as to keep up to date with new information as it comes out via weekly emails.
Bhk FP, Koehle MS. Normative Data for the Functional Movement Screen in middle-aged adults. J Strength Cond Res. 2012 May 3.
Butler RJ, Contreras M, Burton LC, Plisky PJ, Kiesel KB. Modifiable Risk Factors Predict injuries in Firefighters during Training Academies. Work. in press.
Chorba RS, Chorba DJ, Bouillon LE, Overmyer CA, Landis JA. Use of a functional movement screening tool to determine injury risk in female collegiate athletes. N Am J Sports Phys Ther. 2010 Jun;5(2):47- 54.
Cowen VS. Functional fitness improvements after a worksite-based yoga initiative. J Bodyw Mov Ther. 2010;14:50-4.
Frost DM, Beach TA, Callaghan JP, McGill SM. Using the Functional Movement ScreenTM to evaluate the effectiveness of training. J Strength Cond Res. 2012 Jun;26(6):1620-30.
Gribble P, Brigle J, Pietrosimone B, Pfile K, Webster K. Intrarater Reliability of the Functional Movement Screen. J Strength Cond Res. 2012 May 15.
Kiesel KB, Plisky PJ, Butler RJ. Functional movement test scores improve following a standardized off-season intervention program in professional football players. Scand J Sci Med Sports. 2011; 287- 292.
Kiesel K, Plisky PJ, Voight M. Can serious injury in professional football be predicted by a preseason Functional Movement Screen? N Am J Sports Phys Ther. 2007; 2(3):76-81.
Kiesel KB, Plisky PJ, Butler RJ. Fundamental movement limitations and asymmetries relate to injury risk in professional football players. in review.
O’Connor FG, Deuster PA, Davis J, Pappas CG, Knapik JJ. Functional movement screening: predicting injuries in officer candidates. Med Sci Sports Exerc. 2011 Dec;43(12):2224-30.
Onate JA, Dewey T, Kollock RO, Thomas KS, Van Lunen BL, DeMaio M, Ringleb SI. Real-time intersession and interrater reliability of the functional movement screen. J Strength Cond Res. 2012 Feb;26(2):408-15.
Parchmann CJ, McBride JM. Relationship between functional movement screen and athletic performance. J Strength Cond Res. 2011 Dec;25(12):3378-8.
Schneiders AG, Davidsson A, Hörman E, Sullivan SJ. Functional movement screen normative values in a young, active population. Int J Sports Phys Ther. 2011 Jun;6(2):75-82.
Smith CA, Chimera NJ, Wright N, Warren M. Interrater and Intrarater Reliability of the Functional Movement Screen. J Strength Cond Res. 2012 Jun 11.
Evidence Based Application of the Functional Movement Screen: Part 4
Evidence Based Application of the Functional Movement Screen: Part 1
Can We Predict Who Will Get Hurt Doing CrossFit (TM)?
9 Critical Principles for a Successful Off-season Program (Part 3)
9 Critical Principles for a Successful and Injury Free Off-season (Part 1)
How to Modify Overhead Pressing for Shoulder Pain
How to Modify the Squat to Eliminate Painful Pinching Hips
How to Modify Squats for Painful Knees and Lower Backs